For a particular offence, States differ in the means, nature and scope of remedies, limitation periods and the extent of the specificity with which the cause must be invoked. In virtually all aspects of tort law, there is a «majority rule» observed by most States and one or more «minority rules». In the case of violations of the common good, where the state punishes only risky behavior (as opposed to harmful behavior), there are significant differences between states. For example, penalties for impaired driving varied considerably prior to 1990. State laws dealing with drug-related crime still vary widely, with some states treating possession of small amounts of drugs as a misdemeanor or medical condition, and others labeling the same offense as a serious crime. States are on the brink of economic disaster; And the central government had little power to settle disputes between states. Territorial disputes, war pensions, taxes and trade threatened to tear the country apart. A number of presidential and vice-presidential electors equal to the total number of senators and congressional representatives to which the district would be entitled if it were a state, but in no case more than the least populous state; they are in addition to those appointed by States, but are considered electors nominated by a State for the election of the President and Vice-President; and they shall meet in the district and exercise the functions provided for in the twelfth amendment article. Federal laws and treaties, as long as they are constitutional, anticipate conflicting state and territorial laws in all 50 U.S. states. States and territories.  However, the scope of federal pre-emption rights is limited because the scope of federal power is not universal.
In the dual sovereign system of American federalism (actually tripartite due to the presence of Indian reserve states, the plenary sovereigns each have their own constitution, while the federal sovereign has only the limited supreme authority enumerated in the Constitution. 9] States may grant their citizens more extensive rights than the federal Constitution as long as they do not violate federal constitutional rights.  Thus, U.S. law (particularly the actual «living law» of contract, tort, property, criminal and family law, which the majority of citizens experience on a daily basis) consists primarily of state law, which can vary considerably from state to state.  Article V. For a more practical administration of the general interests of the United States, delegates are appointed each year, who are instructed by each state legislature to meet in Congress each year on the first Monday in November, each state reserving the power to recall its delegates or one of them. to send others in their place at any time of the year and for the rest of the year. The United States Congress has the power to adjourn at any time of the year and anywhere in the United States, so that no adjournment lasts more than six months, and publishes the minutes of meetings monthly, except for treaty parties. Military alliances or operations require secrecy at their discretion; and the votes for and not of the delegates of each State on each question shall be recorded in the Journal if a delegate so requests; and the delegates of any State or of any of them shall receive, at its request, a copy of the said Journal, except for the foregoing parts, which may be submitted to the legislatures of each State. And considering that the Great Governor of the world has pleased to bow, approve and authorize the hearts of the legislators whom we represent in Congress to ratify the said Articles of Confederation and Eternal Union, Do you know that we, the undersigned delegates, by virtue of the power and authority conferred upon us for this purpose, by these gifts, in the name and on behalf of our respective electors, to ratify and affirm, fully and completely, each of the said Articles of Confederation and Eternal Union and all matters and matters contained therein. And we continue to solemnly defend the conviction of our respective constituents that they will respect the decisions of the United States in the assembled Congress on all matters referred to it by the said Confederacy.
And that its articles are inviolably respected by the States we each represent, and that the Union is eternal. In witness whereof, we have laid our hands in Congress. Done at Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, this ninth day of July, the year of grace one thousand seven hundred and seventy-eight, and the third year of the independence of America. Whenever two-thirds of both chambers deem it necessary, Congress shall propose amendments to this Constitution or, at the request of the legislatures of two-thirds of each State, convene a convention to propose amendments which, in both cases, are valid in all respects within the framework of this Constitution. when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the individual states or by three-fourths conventions, depending on whether either form of ratification may be proposed by Congress; However, any amendment which may be made before the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any way affect the first and fourth sections of the ninth sections of the first article; and that no state shall be deprived of its equal right to vote in the Senate without its consent. Article VI. No state may send an embassy to a prince or state, or receive an embassy from a king, or enter into any transfer, agreement, alliance, or treaty, without the consent of the United States meeting in Congress; A person who holds a lucrative or fiduciary office under the United States or any of its persons may also not accept gifts, emoluments, offices or titles of any kind from any king, prince or foreign state; Nor can the United States, which is meeting in Congress, nor can any of them, confer a title of nobility.