Unlike their Navy counterparts, who are staff officers, Marine JAs are hierarchical officers and often serve in non-legal functions, including commanding battalions throughout the Marine Corps. Judge advocates provide legal advice and support to commanders, Marines, sailors and their families to promote troop readiness and contribute to the Marine Corps` mission. Marines who serve as judge advocates are responsible for upholding the laws, codes and values of the Marine Corps. These specially trained lawyers can work in roles representing both individual Marines and the Corps to fight and win battles at all levels of courts across the country. 4402 MOS is assigned as the primary MOS to an officer who: LSSS-NCR provides continuous and effective consolidated garrison legal services to all task forces, facility support commands, and Marines and individual sailors in the LSSS-NCR-designated Legal Services Support Area (LSSA). Its mission is to provide these legal services to the commandos supported in order to facilitate the accomplishment of their mission, their preparation, the maintenance of good order and discipline, and to protect the rights of the accused and the rights and interests of victims of crime. The Judge Advocate Division is similar to a large law firm with over 400 judge advocates and comparable support staff. Marine Corps judge advocates will likely serve as federal prosecutors or defense attorneys before courts martial during their first tour, with the possibility of expanding their practice into specialized areas such as the law of military operations, international law, cyber law, or criminal justice. As full-line officers, Marine judge advocates also have the opportunity to serve in a variety of positions, ranging from commanding battalions of Marines to appeals cases before the Navy and Marine Corps Court of Criminal Appeals or the U.S.
Armed Forces Court of Appeals. As representatives of the corporate class, lawyers for judges typically serve as litigators, lawyers for legal counsel, lawyers for victims, assistant examiners, or command counsel. There are litigation options as litigator, defence counsel and victims` rights lawyer before courts martial; as Special Assistant to United States Prosecutors in the United States Federal Court; and as secretary, counsel for the defendant or legal counsel for victims on administrative release committees. Judge advocates conduct or supervise investigations of claims for and against the United States and other matters required by law. Judge advocates provide command legal advice on issues such as military justice, administrative law, civil law, standards of conduct, ethics, operational law and international law. The LSSS offers a full range of legal services beyond the substantive capabilities of a command`s cognitive SJA in the following functional areas: military justice, regional monitoring, administrative law, civil law, ethics, claims and legal assistance. The substantive capacities of each SJA office vary and the LSSS is responsible for all legal services beyond these substantive capacities. These functional competencies are provided by the various branches of the NSS. Majors and Lieutenant-Colonels may serve as specialists in labour, procurement or environmental law in various regional consulting offices. All counsel for field judges may act as military judges after being reviewed by a judicial review board. Professional military and legal training are available to all judges` lawyers.
A naval officer with a law degree attends the Naval School of Justice, where he learns the basic principles of military justice, civil and administrative law, and legal assistance in the practical application of these principles in order to contribute to the establishment of good order and discipline and to a high standard of legal practice and administration. After completing his studies, the Marine was appointed Judge Advocate (MOS 4402) and began his service in the Fleet Marine Force as an attorney. As a prosecutor, defense attorney or victim`s lawyer, you will try crimes and misdemeanors before military judges and jurors. In addition, as a prosecutor, you coordinate with NCIS to conduct criminal investigations into serious and complex crimes. Throughout your USMC career, you may also hear appeals before the Navy and Marine Corps Court of Criminal Appeals or the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces. Finally, as you gain experience, you can move on to other areas of law, such as civil law, administrative law, and legal assistance, or serve as an in-house advisor to Marine Corps Headquarters personnel. They conduct research and draft memos and internal statements, and advise commanders on all legal matters affecting the command – from tax law to government ethics and risk management. They will also work closely with Marines and their families on family, consumer, tax, probate and immigration law issues. The U.S. Marine Corps Judge Advocate Division serves both to advise the Marine Corps Commander (CMC) and other officials at Marine Corps Headquarters on legal matters, as well as to oversee the Marine Corps legal community. The Chief of the Judge Advocate Division (JAD) is the Commanding Officer`s Staff Advocate (SJA at CMC).
The SJA, through the MCC, also exercises functional oversight over two independent legal organizations within the Marine Corps: Marine Corps Judge Advocates (JA), under the supervision of the SJA, work with the CMC to advise naval commanders on legal matters, including the laws of war and the handling of criminal cases under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). Marine Corps lawyers are line officers, unlike their counterparts in the U.S. Navy and Army, meaning they can hold any officer position in the Fleet Marine Force. The Marine Corps Judge Advocate program accepts candidates at all stages of legal education. Applicants must hold a competitive LSAT, a competitive bachelor`s degree, and a cumulative law average, and must be admitted to or enrolled in a full-time Doctor of Laws program at an ABA accredited law school. Upon completion of law school and certification to practice law, judge advocates will enter active duty to attend Elementary School (TBS) in Quantico, Virginia. From there, Navy judge advocates receive military-specific legal training at the Naval Justice School (NJS) in Newport, RI. According to NJS, Navy judge advocates are assigned to their first permanent position and immediately begin advising Marines and Navy commanders on legal matters and begin to gain real judicial experience. The task of the Legal Aid Department is to provide professional and timely legal services and to represent the civil affairs of appropriate clients. The mission is designed to enhance the following attributes of the military organizations and commands served by the LSSS-NCR: unit readiness, morale, discipline and overall quality of life.
As majors, judge advocates may act as permanent judge advocates or associate judge advocates and provide legal advice. Senior Judge Advocates may also serve as Senior Trial Counsel, Senior Defence Counsel or Regional Victim Counsel in a Legal Services Support Section (LSSS) or Legal Services Support Team (OHSA). The Power of Attorney Worksheet can be downloaded from this website or completed at the office. We are unable to certify real estate closing documents. Please allow longer wait times for notaries and powers of attorney. Marine Corps lawyers, or JA, are licensed attorneys who are also Marine Corps officers. Each YES follows the same basic training as any other naval officer. A Marine Expeditionary Force (FEM) is deployed to respond to major global conflicts. When this happens, large-scale military operations require legal advice in areas such as rules of engagement, law of armed conflict, detention operations, investigations, tax law, government contracts, and status-of-forces agreements, to name a few.
Third-year law students and licensed lawyers begin their training as part of the Officer Cadet course. Judge advocates have the opportunity to pursue advanced education in disciplines relevant to the Marine Corps mission. An NMOS may be awarded to field judges who meet certain requirements. Judge advocates who receive the required Master of Laws (LL.M.) as a captain will not receive the additional MOS until they are promoted to the rank of major. All documents must be signed in the presence of the notary. DUE TO HEALTH ISSUES RELATED TO THE COVID-19 VIRUS, THE LEGAL AID OFFICE WILL OPERATE WITH REDUCED STAFF AND EMERGENCY SERVICES UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE.